Τουριστική Πύλη Νομού Αχαΐας Logo

GreekEnglish (United Kingdom)
About Achaia -> History -> Roman domination

Roman domination

E-mail Print PDF
A+ A -A Larger Font Smaller Font

alt Following the domination of reformer Kleomenes in Sparta, the old hatred of Dorean Lakedemonioi was rekindled and became even greater due to the spectacular expansion of the "Second Achaic Confederation". That resulted in the encouragement of the Aitoloi who had been waiting for the right moment to take action against the Achaioi. As a consequence, there was a first conflict with the "Aitoliki Confederation" (240 – 229 b.c) followed by the so-called "Kleomenean War" (229 – 222 b.c.) and then by the "Allies War" (220 – 217 b.c.).

 

Those wars exhausted the conflicting powers at the same time that the Roman power became more and more threatening to the independence of the Greek cities.
Despite the temporary culmination of the "Achaic Confederation"’s power, the Romans were the ones who, since 191 b.c., were influencing the developments in the Greek cities,
aiming at diminishing the power of Achaioi and turning them into subordinates of their foreign policy.

 

In fact, the Romans were so provocative as to ask for the shrinking of the Achaic Confederation and its limitation to the geographical boundaries of Achaia, while at the same time they were able to bribe distinguished people of Achaia with the help of
money, like Kallikrates from Leondio.

Finally, the fatal blow for the Achaic Confederation came when the Roman armies devastated its army in the battle of Skarfeia in Lokrida (147 b.c.)

The next year, Greece was under the rule of the Roman general of Macedonia and was named Achaia because, according to Paphsanias, the Romans "…subjugated the Greeks with the help of Achaioi, who were at that time the rulers of Greece…". However, despite the cruelty of conqueror Lefkios Mommios towards the defeated, the destruction of Korinthos, the pulling down of the city walls and the destruction of Dymi in 115 b.c., the achaic cities and Patras in particular benefited from the Romans.

In 48 b.c., Julius Caesar established a military settlement of Roman veterans in Dymi, the so-called "Colonia Augusta Aroe Patrensis", which he declared a "free city", which could have its own administrative bodies and coins. The Romans turned Patras into a booming city.

Similar, if less great, development took place in Aigio, Dymi, Aigeira, Loussoi, Keryneia. etc., while coins were still cut in Kleitoras and Psofeida, and Kynaitha was the place were cut for the first time.

 

In the same category

Archaic Age
According to excavation findings, it seems that during the Archaic Age (7th – 6th centuries b.c.) Achaia declined, probably because it was confined to its own boundaries, and it was thus isolated from the Pan-Hellenic events.    That isolation culminated in their abstinence from the... Read more...
Turkish – Enetian domination
The Byzantine domination in the Peloponnese offered a lot to the Italian Renaissance (Plithon Gemistos – Vissarion) but it was only a break in the slavery that lasted so many years, that is from 1430 to 1460, when the Othman Turks conquered Achaia under the rule of Mohamed Porthitis the... Read more...
Prehistoric Outline
Following an archaeological research, the presence of the food-collector, palaeolithic man has been established in the area of Achaia, in two neighboring locations at the feet of mountain Movri, near Elaiochorio of the present Municipality of Dymi, where blades and other Paleolithic tools have been... Read more...
The Greek Independence
When Aigio and the Northwestern Peloponnese tried to recover from the earthquake of 1817, the representative of Filiki Etaireia, Antonios Pelopidas, arrived in Patras from Constantinoupolis, aiming at the conversion of distinguished people of Achaia to the principles of the organization.... Read more...
Classic Age
At the end of the Hellenic-Persian wars (479 b.c.), the shaping of two political-military centers in Greece started: the Athenian Principality and the Peloponnesian Alliance. The Achaioi were again absent from the coming-together of the Greeks and the separation tendencies of Greece, being busy... Read more...
Byzantine Period
During the first Byzantine perio, the development of Achaia was hindered due to the invasion of the Goths (395 b.c.), the religious conflict between the Christians and the nationalists, and the great earthquake in 551A.D that shook many areas of the Empire. Towards the end of the 6th century A.D.... Read more...
The Frank domination
The fall of Konstantinoupolis in 1204 was similar to what happened to the rest of Greece as well as to Achaia which was conquered by Goulielm Sablittes on account of the conqueror of Thessaloniki, Vonifatios Momferattos. First they conquered Aigio then Patras and then Lower Achaia. Then, Achaia was... Read more...
Roman domination
Following the domination of reformer Kleomenes in Sparta, the old hatred of Dorean Lakedemonioi was rekindled and became even greater due to the spectacular expansion of the "Second Achaic Confederation". That resulted in the encouragement of the Aitoloi who had been waiting for the right... Read more...
Christian Doctrine
In multinational Patras of the Roman Age, Protokletos Apostle Andreas taught the Christian doctrine for the first time, in Nero’s reign. The miracles that Apostolos performed and, in particular, his teachings at the temple of goddess Demetra where his renowned church is now situated triggered... Read more...
Second Achaic Confederacy
The destructive incursions of the Gauls aggravated this financial predicament but they also weakened the declining military power of the Macedonians, something that the Achaioi were the first to realize, in particular the citizens of Patras.  So, when the Gaulean armies of Belgium devastated... Read more...
Prehistoric Years
The ancient traveler and writer Paphsanias, who visited Achaia in 174 b.c., informs us: "Currently, the land between Helia and Sikyonia along the bay that extends eastward is called Achaia, because it is inhabited by the people of Achaioi, while in earlier years it was called Aigialos and... Read more...